The Faculty of Biology and Geology is one of the best known and highly praised faculties in this domain in Romania. Currently there are around 1,000 students enrolled in (undergraduate) specialisations in Biology, Biochemistry, Industrial Biotechnologies, Ecology and Environmental Protection, Geology and Geological Engineering and in the five master's studies specialisations. The Faculty is organized into four departments (Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Department of Taxonomy and Ecology, Department of Geology and Department of the Hungarian Line) and two Doctoral schools (Integrative Biology and Geology).
In the faculty there is a Hungarian line of study with the specialisations: Biology, Ecology and Environmental Protection, Geology (undergraduate level) and two master's specialisations.
The Faculty of Biology and Geology coordinates scientifically the collections of the Zoology Museum, Botany Museum, Mineralogy and Paleontology-Stratigraphy Museum as well as the permanent exhibition with live exhibits of the Vivarium. A total of five library branches of the Lucian Blaga Central University Library provide numerous books, periodicals and needed documentation for students and teachers. The international training and experience of 60 teachers and researchers is validated by scientific publications of impact, national and international research projects and organization of scientific conferences with international participation.
In the Faculty of Biology and Geology an activity of intensive research is conducted besides teaching. This falls within the strategy of the University through the objectives set, scientific content, and methodology. The scientific research conducted in the Faculty of Biology and Geology has a mission to support, develop and promote innovation in research, development and transfer of knowledge and the development of human resources involved in research. Research logistics is provided by laboratories of departments, as well as by those of collaborating institutions.